Why Am I Always Hungry?

Why Am I Always Hungry?

Being hungry is natural and can be due to increased physical activity or pregnancy. However, an increased appetite over a long period of time could be a result of mental health disorders or diseases: I. Hunger and Mental Disorders 1- Hunger, Stress, and Anxiety The link between appetite, stress, and anxiety is associated with the…

What Are the Causes of Chondrocalcinosis?

What Are the Causes of Chondrocalcinosis?

Chondrocalcinosis is a disease characterized by the accumulation of calcium phosphate crystals (Pyrophosphate) in the joints. It is mainly due to magnesium deficiency; however, it can also be related to other diseases and metabolic disorders. I. How is Pyrophosphate Produced in the joints? Chondrocytes are specialized cells that control the synthesis of cartilage, from collagen…

Does Sleep Apnea Cause Cardiovascular Diseases?

Does Sleep Apnea Cause Cardiovascular Diseases?

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can cause cardiovascular diseases through the following mechanisms: Approximately 34% of middle-aged men and 17% of middle-aged women are diagnosed with OSA [1]. The prevalence of OSA is estimated at 40% to 80% in patients with hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart failure (HF), atrial fibrillation (AF), pulmonary hypertension (PH), and stroke…

At What Age Does the Immune System Weaken?

At What Age Does the Immune System Weaken?

The immune system starts to become weak around the age of 60 years through a process known as immunosenescence. It is estimated that 2 billion people will have an age of over 60 by 2050 [1], and therefore, would be affected by immunosenescence. What Is Immunosenescence? Immunosenescence is the process of aging of our immune…

Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder

Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder

Emotionally unstable personality disorder or borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder that affects impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. BPD is characterized by emotional dysregulation, impulsive aggression, repeated self-injury, and chronic suicidal tendencies. The prevalence of BPD is estimated to be 1.6% in the general population and 20% in the inpatient psychiatric population [1]. It…

What Are the Causes of Schizophrenia?

What Are the Causes of Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a complex and severe mental health disorder that is classified as a type of psychosis. It is characterized by significant alterations in thoughts, perception, mood, and behaviors. The causes are not well known; however, it was suggested that the causes may be associated with a cognitive decline due to alterations in brain development,…

Are Energy Drinks Bad for You?

Are Energy Drinks Bad for You?

Energy drinks are one of the most consumed dietary supplements that are popular among men between the ages of 18-34 years and teens between the ages of 12-17 years. They contain large amounts of caffeine, sugars, taurine, B vitamins, glucuronolactone, carnitine, ginseng, Yohimbe, and bitter orange. Although energy drinks may enhance alertness and improve reaction…

The Most Common Cause of Anemia in the Elderly

The Most Common Cause of Anemia in the Elderly

Iron Deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in the elderly. It is due to abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract such as stomach ulcers and cancer, and the reduction in iron supply through diet. It manifests with a reduced size and color of red blood cells. The prevalence of iron deficiency in individuals older…

Why Am I feeling dizzy all the time?

Why Am I feeling dizzy all the time?

Dizziness is a common feeling of being light-headed and unsteady that is not generally associated with a serious condition. Large population-based studies reported that dizziness affects around 15% to 20% of adults yearly. It is prevalent in women and its frequency increases with age [1]. What Are the Causes of Dizziness? The common causes of dizziness…

What Is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

What Is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of seasonal depression characterized by major depressive episodes in the fall/winter and remissions in spring/summer. The symptoms include persistent low mood, lack of interest, irritability, lack of energy, irritability, longer hours of sleep, withdrawal from social situations, and craving for carbohydrates. It is estimated that 1-10% of the…