What Are the Five Signs of Narcolepsy?

What Are the Five Signs of Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder affecting the sleep-wake cycles characterized by the following symptoms: In the United States, narcolepsy affects 1 in 2000 people, while it affects 3 million people worldwide [1]. Although narcolepsy can happen at any age, it is typically observed in individuals between the age of 10 and 30 years old….

What Are the 7 Major Neurotransmitters (and Their Role in Diseases)?

What Are the 7 Major Neurotransmitters (and Their Role in Diseases)?

Neurotransmitters are messengers that transmit specific chemical instructions from a neuron to another neuron and from neurons to tissues and organs. The 7 major neurotransmitters are: Neurotransmitters are produced by neurons and released in gaps that are found between neurons and between neurons and organs. These junctions are known as synapses. When neurotransmitters are released…

Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder

Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder

Emotionally unstable personality disorder or borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder that affects impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. BPD is characterized by emotional dysregulation, impulsive aggression, repeated self-injury, and chronic suicidal tendencies. The prevalence of BPD is estimated to be 1.6% in the general population and 20% in the inpatient psychiatric population [1]. It…

What Is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

What Is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of seasonal depression characterized by major depressive episodes in the fall/winter and remissions in spring/summer. The symptoms include persistent low mood, lack of interest, irritability, lack of energy, irritability, longer hours of sleep, withdrawal from social situations, and craving for carbohydrates. It is estimated that 1-10% of the…

What Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

What Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) is an illness characterized by profound disabling tiredness, a diminished capacity to perform routine tasks, and sleep disruption that lasts for more than 6 months. 1. Epidemiology of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Based on prevalence estimates from the Institute of Medicine, chronic fatigue syndrome affects around 0.2-2.6% of…

Influence of the Gut Flora on Stress and Anxiety

Influence of the Gut Flora on Stress and Anxiety

“Influence of the Gut Flora on Stress and Anxiety” explores the intricate relationship between our gut health and mental well-being. The gut-brain connection has gained significant attention in recent years, shedding light on how the trillions of microorganisms residing in our digestive system can impact our stress levels and anxiety. As research delves deeper into…