What Are the Five Signs of Narcolepsy?

What Are the Five Signs of Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder affecting the sleep-wake cycles characterized by the following symptoms: In the United States, narcolepsy affects 1 in 2000 people, while it affects 3 million people worldwide [1]. Although narcolepsy can happen at any age, it is typically observed in individuals between the age of 10 and 30 years old….

What Does Analgesic Do to the Body?

What Does Analgesic Do to the Body?

Analgesics or pain killers are drugs used to relieve pain without losing consciousness. They are classified into the following categories: Nonopioid Analgesics include drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, and dipyrone. Opioid Analgesics or narcotic analgesics include drugs such as morphine, codeine, tramadol, and tapentadol. Adjuvant Analgesics include drugs such as GABA agonists,…

What Is the Limbic System and What Is Its Function?

What Is the Limbic System and What Is Its Function?

The limbic system is a set of brain structures involved in the control of emotions, long-term memory, behavior, and olfaction [1]. It is made of the following structures: 1. What Is the Function of the Limbic Lobe? The limbic lobe is a vital region of the brain involved in emotion, learning, memory, and motivation [2]….

What are the major glands of the endocrine system?

What are the major glands of the endocrine system?

Endocrine glands are groups of cells that secrete hormones (chemical substances) in the bloodstream to regulate the function of cells and tissues in the body [1]. The major glands of the body are: 1. What Is Pineal Gland? The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland which shape looks like a pinecone and is located…

What Controls Body Temperature?

What Controls Body Temperature?

The body temperature is controlled by a small area of the brain known as the hypothalamus which maintains the body’s temperature through thermoregulation. The hypothalamus works like a thermostat for the body and maintains the temperature in the range of 97.7-99.5 °F (36.5-37.5 °C) [1]. Hypothermia is when the body temperature is lower than 95…

What Is the Biology of Fear and Anxiety?

What Is the Biology of Fear and Anxiety?

Fear is a primitive human emotion that is caused by specific threat-related stimuli leading to adaptive behaviors aimed at preventing or coping with that threat. The central organ that controls and regulates fear is the amygdala, an almond-chapped structure located deep within the brain’s temporal lobes. 1. What Is the Function of the Amygdala in…